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Melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, strikes about 70,000 Americans each year and kills nearly 10,000, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sadly, many of those deaths could probably be prevented because melanoma is highly curable when caught early.
One famous example is Jamaican performer Bob Marley, who was felled by brain cancer in 1981 when he was just 36. The cancer spread from a melanoma on his big toe. It was initially misdiagnosed as a soccer injury and when the true nature of the problem was eventually discovered, his fate was already sealed, explains an article on repeatingislands.com.
Whether they play soccer, golf or baseball or just like to run, outdoor enthusiasts in Arizona are at higher risk for skin cancers because it’s easy to spend lots of time in the sun during all seasons. While most of the attention is on summer sun exposure, the Skin Cancer Foundation recommends people thoroughly inspect their skin every month looking for suspicious lesions or blemishes.
If you find a mole or other skin issue that appears abnormal or causes you concern, schedule a consultation with a medical professional for a screening.
Here is some additional information about protecting yourself against skin cancer.
Sunscreen doesn’t cause cancer
Some people claim chemical ingredients in sunscreen are actually harmful and can cause cancer. But there is no research to support this idea, Wu notes. With tens of millions of people using sunscreen regularly, there would be some evidence if it were really harmful. On the other hand, countless studies document the benefits of using sunscreen.
Time your exposure
If you enjoy outdoor sports or jogging, being active at the right time of day can reduce your sun exposure.
“Try to plan your runs during hours where sun is less intense, such as early mornings or late afternoons or evenings,” advises Carly Benford. In addition to being an avid runner,
Benford is the research coordinator for a clinical trial for melanoma research at the Translational Genomics Research Institute. Benford says any abnormal changes to your skin could be a sign of skin cancer. She suggests having an annual skin exam from a dermatologist to catch any issues early.
SPF is not enough
Most people think they are protected if they use a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor (SPF). There are two types of damaging sun rays, Ultraviolet A (UVA) and Ultraviolet B (UVB), and SPF refers only to UVB protection.
Read the label carefully because you need to make certain you use a sunscreen that also protects against UVA rays. Most dermatologists advise using sunscreen with 30 SPF or higher. Many believe higher is better, simply because people do such a poor job of properly applying sunscreen.
Dark skin is not a protection
The idea that people with tan or dark skin are not harmed by sun exposure is patently false. “Unfortunately, skin cancer is frequently diagnosed later in people of color — perhaps because of the misconception that they are not at risk — so it’s often progressed to a later stage and is more difficult to treat,” says Dr. Jessica Wu, a Los Angeles dermatologist and assistant clinical professor of dermatology at USC School of Medicine in an article for Reader’s Digest.
Block the sun - Hats, Long Sleeves, Sunglasses
Even the best sunscreen allows some UV rays to get through. “Hats, sunglasses and UV protective clothing are all options, in addition to sunscreen, for protecting yourself from the damages of sun while on a run,” explains Benford. She notes many runners and other athletes don’t use any sunscreen, believing they’ll only be outside for a short time.
Source: Tgen - Translational Genomics Research Institute
Hispanic Americans are more likely than other Americans to be diagnosed with skin cancer in its later stages, when it's more apt to be fatal. One reason is the misconception that people with darker skin are immune from skin cancer, researchers say. Another is that public health campaigns tend to focus on lighter-skinned people, inadvertently reinforcing that belief.
"There is an idea among Hispanics that 'People like me don't get skin cancer,' " says Dr. Elliot J. Coups, a researcher and resident member at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey. "It's true that they're at lower risk, but they're still at some risk — it's not zero risk. Hispanic individuals can be diagnosed with skin cancer."
The lifetime risk for being diagnosed with melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, is just 0.5 percent for Hispanics, compared to 2.4 percent in non-Hispanic whites and 0.1 percent in blacks, according to the American Cancer Society. But 26 percent of Hispanic patients with melanoma aren't diagnosed until the cancer has progressed to the late stages, compared to 16 percent of white patients. That vastly increases their risk of death.
It's not because people from Latin American countries don't realize they need to protect themselves from the sun, Coups says. Instead, his research has found the opposite – that as Hispanic people assimilate to mainstream U.S. culture, they're more likely to put themselves at risk, with behaviors including lower use of sunscreen and sun-protective clothing.
Add that to the fact that the vast majority of public health campaigns link skin cancer risk to skin tone, and it's no wonder many Hispanics think they needn't worry, says Jennifer Hay, a behavioral scientist and clinical health psychologist who treats melanoma patients at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City.
In 2014, Hay and her colleagues looked at skin cancer education practices in Albuquerque, N.M., where 40 percent of the city's population self-identifies as Hispanic. She found that U.S.-born Hispanics were more likely than non-Hispanic whites to report misconceptions like, "People with skin cancer would have pain or other symptoms prior to diagnosis."
They were less likely to have gotten skin-cancer screening from a physician and less likely to wear sun-protective clothing, but as likely to use sunscreen and seek shade as were non-Hispanic whites.
There needs to be an increase in culturally relevant skin cancer prevention campaigns that target ethnic minorities, Hays says. Her current research, conducted in Spanish Harlem in New York City, has found that people do want information on preventing skin cancer.
"What we found is that people are really receptive to this kind of information, but they have not had the kind of access to it that we would like to see," says Hay. "That behooves us as public health researchers to find vehicles and channels to get this information out to more populations who could benefit from it."
That's not to say that skin tone doesn't matter; lighter-skinned people still do face a greater risk. "Latinos have a wide range of skin types," says Hay. "That range of skin type is much more important than whether one self-identifies as Latino or Hispanic. You can self-identify as Latino and still have very light skin."
But Dr. Henry W. Lim, chairman of dermatology at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, says everyone, no matter their skin tone, should practice sun safety. "We should go out and enjoy outdoor activities, but we should try to seek shade and we should wear appropriate clothing to cover up," he says.
Source: Npr.org / Ellie Hartleb
Insect repellants affect sunscreen SPF
Insect Repellants reduce sunscreen’s SPF by up to 1/3. When using a combination, use a sunscreen with a higher SPF.
Sunburns increase your skin cancer risk
Over exposure to the sun’s harmful rays can result in sunburns which increase your risk of developing skin cancer. Therefore, check your local UV Index which provides important information to help you plan your outdoor activities in ways that prevent overexposure to the sun. The UV Index forecast is issued each afternoon by the National Weather Service and EPA.
Sun's UV rays are strongest between 10am and 4pm
Seek the shade whenever possible! The sun’s UV rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. so remember the shadow rule when in the sun: If your shadow is short it’s time to abort and seek the shade.
Choose the right sunglasses
Don’t be deceived by color or cost of Sunglasses! The ability to block UV light is not dependent on the darkness of the lens or the price tag. While both plastic and glass lenses absorb some UV light, UV absorption is improved by adding certain chemicals to the lens material during manufacturing or by applying special lens coatings. Always choose sunglasses that are labeled as blocking 99-100% of UV rays. Some manufacturers’ labels will say “UV absorption up to 400nm.” This is the same thing as 100% UV absorption.
Protect your skin all year long
Sunburn doesn’t only happen during the summer! Water, snow and sand reflect the damaging rays of the sun, which can increase your chance of sunburn. Protect yourself year round by using sunscreen with protection from both UVA and UVB rays, and an SPF of 15 or greater. Wear protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen on the exposed areas of your skin whenever possible
Early Detection Not an Iron-Clad Guarantee
Researchers in Queensland, which has the highest melanoma rate in the world, have found that melanomas less than 1mm thick cause more fatalities than “thick” melanomas at least 4mm deep.
The findings, published in the US-based Journal of Investigative Dermatology, suggest Queenslanders are having suspicious skin markings checked out before they develop. “(But) this is not preventing people from dying,” said lead author David Whiteman. “It’s a sobering reminder that while we have been very successful at picking melanomas up early, it’s not an iron-clad guarantee.”
Professor Whiteman, of the QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute in Brisbane, said researchers had known for decades that advanced melanomas carried poor prognoses. “The danger is proportional to how deep they are when they’re diagnosed,” he said.
“Thin” melanomas present only marginal risks to life, leading to assumptions that most melanoma deaths arise from thick lesions. But the team’s analysis of 20 years of Queensland Cancer Registry data, which took account of tumour thickness at diagnosis, revealed this was not the case.
While late-detected melanomas proved 12 times as likely to kill sufferers as those diagnosed early, the sheer number of cases — which almost doubled from about 1500 a year in the early 1990s to 2800 late last decade — meant thin tumours killed about 40 per cent more Queenslanders, on average.
Even Thin Melanoma Tumours Can Kill You
Over 15 years, this gap has grown from 24 per cent to almost 60 per cent. “We’re seeing a shift in the patterns of the people dying from melanoma,” Professor Whiteman said. “We must prevent melanomas in the first place, because once they occur, even thin ones can kill you.”
Professor Whiteman said data from elsewhere, including the US, pointed to similar trends. He said that while the incidence of melanoma in Australians aged under 40 was declining, it remained the most common cancer among the nation’s young. “That’s why we mustn’t give up on primary prevention — the ‘slip, slop, slap’,” he said. “Melanoma is almost entirely preventable.”
The Melanoma Institute of Australia says about 400 extra cases are detected each year. One in 17 Australians can expect a diagnosis by the age of 85.
Melanomas comprise just 2 per cent of skin cancers but cause three-quarters of skin cancer deaths, the institute says.
A new study finds that men in these groups are far more likely than women to ignore warnings to protect themselves against sunshine by wearing sunscreen or a hat. Recently, the British Journal of Dermatology published research based of 2,215 French people detailing what steps they took to reduce their risk for the sun.
Men vs. Women
The research found that men under 20 and over 64 are the least likely to heed advice about the need to minimize the harmful effects of UV radiation from sunlight. The same two groups of men also know the least about how to protect themselves from the risk they run from getting burned skin.
On the other hand, women aged between 20 and 64 displayed the most understanding of how the sun’s rays could damage their skin and were most likely to use high-factor sunscreen and to wear protective clothing. It is already known that death rates from malignant melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, are 70% higher in men than women.
Although similar numbers of both sexes develop it – 6,200 men and 6,600 women a year – far more men (1,300) than women (900) die. Death rates are rising among men, but stable among women. Death have risen by 185% among men and 55% among women over the last 40 years, mainly as a result of the increased popularity of tanned skin, beach holidays and tanning salons.
Since this research was done in France, it may not be possible to draw all-embracing conclusions from it. Regardless, this research does show that awareness of how to prevent skin cancer is low and that everyone should be “sun-smart”by wearing sunscreen of at least SPF 30 and to seek the shade, especially in the afternoon hours where the sun is most strong.
Illinois has joined Vermont, California, Oregon, Nevada and Texas by passing legislation that prohibits minors under the age of 18 from indoor tanning. Following similar ordinances recently put in place in Springfield and Chicago, this law is based on significant scientific evidence that links indoor tanning to increased risk of developing melanoma and other forms of skin cancer. The law was passed late last year and went in effect Jan 2014.
“The American Academy of Dermatology Association is proud to have supported this legislation and commends the state of Illinois for joining the fight against skin cancer, including melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer,” said board-certified dermatologist Dirk M. Elston, MD, FAAD, president of the American Academy of Dermatology Association. “The state’s willingness to follow the examples set by the cities of Springfield and Chicago, exemplifies a true commitment to protecting teens from the dangers of indoor tanning.”
The Illinois House and Senate passed this legislation shortly after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) proposed stricter regulations on indoor tanning beds, as well as a strong recommendation against the use of tanning beds by minors under the age of 18.
The possible 7th State
In February of 2014, a measure to block children under 16 from using tanning salons is one step closer to becoming law in Indiana. House members approved the proposal 69-23. The Senate passed the bill in January 30-17. The bill needs to be approved by the Governor of Indiana before it will become a law.
More than 3.5 million skin cancers in more than 2 million people are diagnosed annually. It is estimated that one in five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime and more than 2,480 new cases of melanoma will be diagnosed in Illinois in 2013. Studies have found a 75 percent increase in the risk of melanoma in those who have been exposed to UV radiation from indoor tanning, and the risk increases with each use.
Melanoma is the most aggressive and deadliest form of skin cancer. If not caught in the early stages, melanoma can be quite a virulent form of cancer that can spread through the body with an efficiency that few tumors possess. This form of cancer is so ruthless because melanoma is born with it metastatic engines fully engaged. This means that melanoma’s aggressive nature seeks to grow deep in the skin and spread to other locations in the body.
The good news is that if melanoma is found and treated in its early stages, it is close to 100% curable. However, once it has spread to other parts of the body, it becomes increasing difficult to treat and possibly requiring multiple surgeries and advanced treatments. The chances of survival dips to a dire 15%.
Melanoma occurs in the melanocytes, the cells that color the skin and make moles. Melanocytes are located in the lower part of the epidermis and just above the dermis. Melanocytes produce melanin, the pigment that protects the skin from ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Long exposure to UV rays damages and causes the melanocytes to mutate more frequently, potentially leading to the development of melanoma.
The Staggering Facts
A new study lead by Dorota Z. Korta, of the NYU Langone Medical Center in New York, suggests that Black, Hispanic people, and other minorities tend to know less about skin cancer than whites. For the study, Korta and her colleagues surveyed 152 people who visited a dermatology clinic at a New York City public hospital.
Although the sample size for the study is small, the findings are congruent to other research that shows minorities with skin cancer tend to be diagnosed at a more advanced stage and have lower chances of survival than whites. The study was published online on the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology website.
Dr. Darrell Rigel, former president of the American Academy of Dermatology said “People of all races are equally at risk of getting skin cancer on the palms of their hands or soles of their feet - but those aren't common places for sun exposure… For other parts of the body, the chances are much less (among minorities), but you can still get it. African Americans, Hispanics and other minorities with darker skin than whites are less likely to realize that they're at risk for skin cancer.”
Many respondents were unaware of the warning signs of skin cancer: (A) asymmetry, (B) border, (C) color, (D) diameter and (E) evolving nature of a mole.
50 percent of white survey respondents answered correctly that an asymmetrical shape is a characteristic of melanoma, compared to 12 percent of minority respondents. Most other responded “I don’t know.”
71 percent of white survey respondents correctly identified changes in the size or shape of moles over time as a characteristic of melanoma, compared to 29 percent of minority respondents
Of all the participants, 16 percent had undergone a total body skin examination by a doctor to check for skin cancer. Fifteen percent said they performed self-exams for skin cancer but only 11 percent had ever been taught by a health care practitioner how to look for cancer.
Survey respondents were also asked about their beliefs regarding the purpose of skin cancer screening, and the majority of them - whites and minorities alike - incorrectly stated that skin cancer screenings help prevent the disease. The correct response is that skin cancer screenings reduce the risk of death from skin cancer.
No Loose Powder Sunscreens
Loose powder sunscreens such in the form of mineral makeup are designed to be applied on the face and scalp. Although they contain zinc and titanium particles that offer strong UV protection, it is difficult for users to judge if they are applying a thick and even coat.
But the bigger problem is inhaling the tiny zinc and titanium particles. Based on studies by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, inhaled titanium dioxide is “possibly carcinogenic to humans.” FDA’s current rules no longer allow loose powers to advertise an SPF or make claims of sun protection. But the FDA granted small companies until the end of December 2013 to remove their powders from the market. Be on the lookout and avoid loose powder sunscreens.
No Spray Sunscreens
Although ever so convenient, like loose powdered sunscreen, there is a growing concern that these sprays pose serious inhalation risks. Although the FDA has expressed concern about the safety of spray sunscreens and are currently researching into inhalation risks, companies continue to turn them out.
If you must run spray sunscreen, it is best to spray it on your hands and then rub the sunscreen onto your skin. But that basically defeats the purpose of using a spray-on product, so you’re better off with using lotion-based sunscreen.
No Sunscreen Towelettes
The FDA ended the sale of sunscreen wipes and towelettes, but these can still be purchased online and some are even marketed as safe for babies. The biggest concern is that these towelettes do not get enough sunscreen on your skin to ensure sun protection. This is another example where the convenience is not worth the risk.
No Combined Sunscreen/Bug Repellents
“Studies shown that combining sunscreen with DEET caused the skin to absorb insect repellent more than three times faster than when used alone”, according to WebMD. Also, you’ll need to reapply sunscreen more often than bug repellent, so using a product that combines both is not a good idea. Luckily, bugs are typically not a problem during the hours when UV exposure peaks, so skip these combination products.
Keep In Mind
As summer ends and fall begins, it is essential to not forget that UV rays can damage your skin yearlong. Overcast clouds may block out sunshine, but the UV rays still get through and many times, we let our guard down believing dark skies equals less UV exposure.
A new study from Cancer Research UK says that more men are dying from skin cancer than women, despite similar numbers being diagnosed with the disease. Each year in the UK, malignant melanoma kills 1,300 of the 6,200 men who develop it compared to 900 of the 6,600 women… and the gap is expected to widen.
Professor Julia Newton-Bishop, a Cancer Research UK dermatologist, suspects that there are biological differences and that women are more immune to melanoma. “We’re working on research to better understand why men and women’s bodies deal with their melanomas in different ways."
"We think it is something to do with the immune system rather than hormones because pre- and post-menopausal fare the same,” she added. In addition, German researchers have identified a gene that makes men more susceptible to melanoma.
Other health experts say that the difference is because men delay seeing their doctor and thus are diagnosed more advance staged melanoma. Whereas women most often develop skin cancer on their arms and legs, men often develop the cancer on their back, making it more difficult to spot.
“Asking your partner to check your back is a good idea,” said Prof Newton-Bishop. Male incidence rates are now more than five times higher than they were 30 years ago - rising from 2.7 per 100,000 to 17.2 per 100,000.
If you notice any changes in your skin, go see your doctor. Detect the early stages of melanoma by knowing the ABCDEs. Wear sunscreen with a SPF of at least 30 and generously re-apply every 2 hours. It's not about the SPF number, but about how often and how much you re-apply your sunscreen. Order the SunBuddy® - Back Lotion Applicator to help you apply sunscreen to your back and to other hard to reach areas of your body.
Infographic courtesy of NorthWestPharmacy.com | Buy Health Care Safely
Skin Cancer is the most common form of cancer. Of cancers in the United States, a staggering 50% are skin cancer. The sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage unprotected skin in as little as 15 minutes. Yet it can take up to 12 hours for your skin to show the full effect of sun exposure. Be smart. Be educated. Protect your skin.
Given how aggressively media outlets have pushed awareness of breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer over the past few years, it is astonishing that skin cancer is actually the most prevalent cancer in America. If fact, the number of skin cancer cases diagnosed annually is greater than breast, colon, lung, and prostate cancers combined. Yet, compared to other common cancers, there is a lack of awareness for skin cancer.
Skin cancer is divided into the non-melanoma and melanoma categories. Non-melanoma, in the form of basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer, is the more common form with around 2 million cases diagnosed last year in this country. Melanoma, the more serious type of skin cancer, attributes to over 75 percent of all skin cancer deaths and is the number one cancer for the age group 25 to 29. One American dies of melanoma every hour.
Here are some staggering facts about Melanoma Skin Cancer:
Summer is quickly approaching and here are some sun safety tips:
Happy Easter from all of us at the SunBuddy family! It was a beautiful day here in Southern California and we hope you enjoyed your day with family and friends.
Here are 5 interesting facts:
A new study has shown that taking a low daily dose of aspirin may prevent melanoma (skin cancer) in older women. Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine in Palo Alto, CA analyzed data from nearly 60,000 postmenopausal Caucasian women who enrolled in a 12 year follow-up study.
Researchers found that during the 12 years, women who regularly used aspirin had a 21 percent lower overall risk for developing melanoma compared with women who did not take aspirin. Medical student Christina A. Gamba discovered that taking aspirin regularly less than one year reduced melanoma risk by 11 percent. Taking aspirin 1 to 4 years resulted in 20 percent lower risk, and taking it five years or more resulted in 30 percent lower risk.
Aspirin’s anti-inflammatory properties may have played a role but Ms. Gamba is currently reanalyzing the data to see if anti-inflammatory activity or another mechanism is responsible for the aspirin takers’ reduced risk of skin cancer. Thirty-two thousand women in the US will be diagnosed with melanoma this year and the disease will kill 3,120.
Keep in mind that signs of melanoma can begin with an irregular shaped mole that changes in color and size. Always cover up your skin and wear sunscreen. And for areas that you cannot reach, such as the middle of your back, use the SunBuddy Lotion Applicator. If you wish to add aspirin to your daily regimen, be sure to speak to your doctor first.
It's that time of the year again! Daylight Saving Time (DST) starts this Sunday, March 10, 2013, at 2AM. Although we will lose one hour of sleep, we will gain one hour of daylight.
Here are 5 interesting facts:
Indoor tanning exposes both UVA and UVB rays that damage the skin and can lead to cancer. People who begin tanning younger than the age of 35 have a 75% higher risk of developing melanoma.
Data courtesy of skincancer.org, cdc.gov, and melanoma.com.
Regular exposure to sunlight allows our skin cells to use UVB rays to synthesize vitamin D, a steroid vitamin that is important for a maintaining a strong immune system. Other benefits include:
However, with modern lifestyles that include more time indoors and scientists warning about the dangers of sun exposure and skin cancer, it is no surprise that most people are vitamin D deficient. Keep in mind that our skin makes vitamin D only when directly exposed to the sun, and skin exposed to sunshine indoors through a window will not produce vitamin D. Other factors such as cloudy days, smog, sunscreens, and having dark skin tone may reduce your body’s vitamin D synthesis.
Advocates of unprotected sun exposure promote 5-10 minutes of UV exposure from the sun 2-3 times a week so that the body can regularly synthesize vitamin D. However, dermatologists and skin cancer groups have strongly argued against unprotected sun exposure, since too much will damage skin cells, accelerate aging, and increase the risk of skin cancer.
So if unprotected sun exposure is too dangerous but yet our bodies need adequate amounts of vitamin D for good health, what is one to do?
Luckily, adequate amounts of vitamin D can be obtained from vitamin D fortified foods and dietary supplements, thus averting the need of dangerous UV exposure. Not many foods contain vitamin D, but the follow do:
Although vitamin D obtained from supplements are not as effective as naturally synthesized vitamin D by our body, it is a much safer and noncarcinogenic alternative to lying unprotected in the sun.
Melanoma (mel•a•no•ma): A highly maglinant type of of skin cancer that arises in melanocytes, the cells that product pigment. Melanoma usually begins in a mole.
You can follow 3 simple steps to reduce your risk of skin cancer
To detect the early stages of melanoma, look for moles or growth that:
If you notice one or more of these signs, immediately visit your dermatologist or healthcare provider. If detected at a very early stage, melanoma can be cured with surgery 90% of the time.
Math and Cancer
Although there are numerous types of cancer, the definition is the same - a growth caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States.
Each year, more than:
The skin is the largest organ of our body. Although it's delicate, our skin works hard to combat the elements working against it.
Skin cancer forms in the tissues of the dermis and there are several types. The most common forms of skin cancer are basal cell and squamous cell cancer. Although these cancers are serious, the most dangerous form of skin cancer is melanoma.
Each year, 70,000 Americans are diagnosed with melanoma skin cancer.
Melanoma skin cancer
This skin cancer forms in melanocytes (skin cells that make pigment) and can occur on any skin surface. In men, it's often found on the head, neck, or back. In women, it's often found on the lower legs or back.
Basal cell skin cancer
This skin cancer forms in the lower part of the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) and is typically found in areas exposed to the sun. It's commonly found on the face and is the most common type of skin cancer among people with fair skin.
Squamous cell cancer
This skin cancer forms on squamous cells (flat cells that form the surface of the skin). It's usually found in places that are not exposed to the sun, such as legs or feet and is the most common type of skin cancer among people with dark skin.
Looking at Numbers
In a recent study by the American Cancer Society, the overall number of cancer incidences and death rates has decreased. However, in the past 30 years melanoma cancer incidents have increased rapidly. Most recently the increases have occurred among young white women between the ages of 15 - 39 years (3% per year since 1992) and white adults 65 years and older (5% per year for men since 1985 and 4% per year for women). Melanoma skin cancer primarily affects white adults and the occurrence rate for whites is ten time higher than in blacks. Among whites, rates are more than 50% higher in men than in women.
Melanoma is responsible for 75% of skin cancer deaths and an estimated 8,790 deaths in the U.S. annually. Of those deaths, two-thirds are men.
You don't need to cutout sunlight or the outdoors to lower your risk of skin cancer. The best way to decrease your risks of skin cancer is education and practicing sun safety. Here are some helpful tips:
Avoid the following:
Use the following: